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CONTENTS
Neurohumoral Control of the Heart and Circulation.
.....
INTRODUCTION.
...........................................................................................
AUTONOMIC NEURAL CONTROL.
..........................................................
Autonom ic Innervation of the Heart and Vasculature.
.................
Baroreceptor Feedback Regulation of Arterial Pressure.
............
Chem oreceptors.
......................................................................................
Other Autonom ic Reflexes Affecting the Heart and Circulation
HUMORAL CONTROL.
.................................................................................
Circulating Catecholamines .
.................................................................
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System.
..........................................
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide.
......................................................................
Vasopressin (A ntidiuretic Horm one).
.................................................
INTEGRATION OF NEUROHUMORAL MECHANISMS.
.......................
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS.
...............................................
REVIEW QUESTIONS.
..................................................................................
ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS.
.....................................................
ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES.
...............................................
SUGGESTED RESOURCES.
.........................................................................
Organ Blood Flow
..................................................................................
INTRODUCTION .
............................................................................................
DISTRIBUTION OF CARDIAC OUTPUT.
.................................................
LOCAL REGULATION OF BLOOD FLOW .
.............................................
Tissue Factors .
..........................................................................................
Endothelial Factors .
................................................................................
Smooth Muscle (M yogenic) Mechanisms .
.........................................
Extravascular Compression.
..................................................................
Autoregulation of Blood F low .
............................................................
Reactive and Active Hyperemia.
..........................................................
SPECIAL CIRCULATIONS.
...........................................................................
Coronary Circulation.
..............................................................................
Cerebral Circulation .
...............................................................................
Skeletal Muscle Circulation .
..................................................................
Cutaneous Circulation.
............................................................................
Splanchnic Circulation .
...........................................................................
Renal Circulation .
.....................................................................................
Pulmonary Circulation.
............................................................................
Summary of Special Circulations.
........................................................
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS.
...............................................
REVIEW QUESTIONS.
..................................................................................
ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS.
.....................................................
ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES.
...............................................
SUGGESTED RESOURCES.
.........................................................................
Exchange Function of the Microcirculation
..........................
INTRODUCTION .
............................................................................................
MECHANISMS OF EXCHANGE.
.................................................................
Diffusion .
....................................................................................................
Bulk Flow .
..................................................................................................
Vesicular and Active Transport.
..........................................................
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