CONTENTS
Xi
EXCHANGE OF OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE.
............................................
182
Oxygen D iffusion.
.....................................................................................................
182
Oxygen Delivery and Extraction.
.........................................................................
183
Carbon Dioxide Diffusion.
......................................................................................
186
TRANSCAPILLARY FLUID EXCHANGE.
..................................................................
186
Physical Mechanisms Governing Fluid Exchange.
..........................................
187
Capillary Exchange M odel.
....................................................................................
192
EDEMA FORMATION.
....................................................................................................
193
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS.
................................................................
194
REVIEW QUESTIONS.
...................................................................................................
194
ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS.
.....................................................................
195
ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES.
................................................................
196
SUGGESTED RESOURCES.
.........................................................................................
197
9
Cardiovascular Integration, Adaptation,
and Pathophysiology.
................................................................................
198
INTRODUCTION.
............................................................................................................
198
CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO EXERCISE .
...............................................
198
Mechanisms Involved in Cardiovascular Response to Exercise.
.................
199
Steady-State Changes in Cardiovascular Function during Exercise.
.......
201
Factors Influencing Cardiovascular Response to Exercise.
..........................
203
MATERNAL CHANGES IN CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION DURING
PREGNANCY.
..............................................................................................................
205
HYPOTENSION.
..............................................................................................................
206
Causes of Hypotension.
..........................................................................................
206
Compensatory Mechanisms during H ypotension.
..........................................
207
Decompensatory Mechanisms Following Severe and Prolonged
Hypotension.
..........................................................................................................
210
Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention.
..............................................
212
HYPERTENSION.
............................................................................................................
212
Essential (Primary) Hypertension.
.......................................................................
213
Secondary H ypertension.
.......................................................................................
214
Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention.
..............................................
215
HEART FAILURE.
...........................................................................................................
216
Causes of Heart Failure.
.........................................................................................
216
Systolic versus Diastolic D ysfunction.
................................................................
217
Systemic Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure.
.................................
219
Exercise Lim itations Imposed by Heart Failure.
..............................................
221
Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention.
..............................................
222
VALVE DISEASE.
............................................................................................................
223
Valve Stenosis.
..........................................................................................................
223
Valve R egurgitation.
................................................................................................
226
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS.
................................................................
229
REVIEW QUESTIONS.
...................................................................................................
229
ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS.
......................................................................
231
ANSWERS TO CASES.
..................................................................................................
233
SUGGESTED RESOURCES.
.........................................................................................
234
Index
235
previous page 12 Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts  2nd Edition read online next page 14 Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts  2nd Edition read online Home Toggle text on/off