INDEX
Page numbers in
italics
denote figures; those followed by a t denote tables.
A
“a-wave”, 63
Abdominothoracic pump, 110-112,
111
ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme), 138, 151, 173
ACE inhibitors, 139, 216, 222
Acetylcholine, 19-20, 53
Acidosis, 134, 211
Actin, 43
Action potentials,
16-18,
16-21, 20-21, 20t, 36
abnormal, 21, 21
conduction, 21-22, 21-25, 23t, 24-25
nonpacemaker, 17, 17-18
pacemaker,
18,
18-19
Activation gate, 15
Active hyperemia
organ blood flow, 156-157,
157,
162
skeletal muscle, 166
,167
Active tension, 71-72
Active transport, 182
Active vasodilation, 169
Adenosine, 53, 150, 160
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), 45, 150
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP), 150
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), 43, 150
Adenylyl cyclase, 46, 47, 52, 53
ADH (antidiuretic hormone), 5, 133, 140, 140-141
ADP (adenosine diphosphate), 45, 150
Adrenoceptors, 82, 128, 166, 200
Adventitia, 50
,50
Afferent arterioles, 171, 172
Afferent fibers, 125
Afferent nerves, 125
Afterdepolarizations, 21,
21,
29
Afterload, 77, 88
defined, 77
fiber shortening, 77-79
force-velocity relationship, 77-78,
78-79
Frank-Starling curve,
79,
79
pressure-volume loops, 79-80
stroke volume, 77
Age, exercise and, 204
Albumin, 191
Aldosterone, 137, 142t, 214
Alveolar hypoxia, 175
AMP (adenosine monophosphate), 150
Angina pectoris, 161
Angiogenesis, 161
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), 138, 151, 173
Angiotensin II, 53, 137,
138,
138-139, 142t, 143, 208, 214
Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), 139, 216, 222
Angiotensinogen, 137
ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide), 5, 139-140, 142t, 143
Anrep effect, 82
Antiarrhythmic drugs, 24, 25
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), 5, 133,
140,
140-141
Antihistamines, 193
Aorta, 3, 61,
61,
93-97, 94, 94t, 97
Aortic arch, 130,
131
Aortic bodies, 134
Aortic coarctation, 215
Aortic compliance, aortic pulse pressure, 199, 100
Aortic pulse pressure, 98-100,
99-100,
118
Aortic stenosis, 224-225
Aortic valve, 61,
61,
65, 67
Aortic valve regurgitation, 226-227
Arachidonic acid metabolites, 152
Arcuate artery, 171,1
71
Arginine vasopressin (AVP), 133,
140,
140-141, 142t, 143
Arms, ECG leads, 32-34,
32-35
Arrhythmia, 25, 28, 217, 229
Arterial baroreceptors, 130-131,
131,
142, 201
Arterial blood pressure, 97-100, 130, 131
aortic pulse pressure, 98-100,
99-100
diastolic pressure, 97
mean arterial pressure (MAP), 97-98,
98, 162,
162-163, 199, 199t, 212
regulation, 106-107
systolic pressure, 97
Arterial dilation, 113
Arterial hypoxia, 175
Arterial pressure, 5-6,
6,
142t, 212
Arterial vasodilators, 222
Arteries
anatomy, 93-95,
94,
94t
cerebral, 161-162,
162
coronary, 157-158,
158
renal, 171
Arterioles, 94, 94t, 95
Arteriosclerosis, 132
Arteriovenous (AV) anastomoses, 168
AT1
receptor blockers, 139, 216, 222
Atherosclerosis, 161
ATP (adenosine triphosphate), 43, 150
ATP-dependent Ca+
pump, 13
ATPase, 13
Atrial contraction, 75
Atrial fibrillation, 28,
28
Atrial flutter, 28,
28
“Atrial kick”, 64
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), 5, 139-140, 142t, 143
Atrial systole, 62-64
Atrioventricular node (AV node), 22, 22-23, 25, 62, 125, 126
Augmented limb leads, 33
Autocrine substances, 150
Autonomic innervation, 61-62
Autonomic nerve activity, 6
Autonomic neural control, 124^135, 141-143
baroreceptor feedback regulation, 130-134,
131,
132, 133
cardiac and vascular autonomic receptors, 129-130,
129-130
chemoreceptors, 134
exercise and, 201
parasympathetic innervation, 20,125, 125-126,
126,127,
160, 164, 170
reciprocal sympathetic and vagal activity, 128-129
sympathetic innervation, 20,
127,
127-128, 128t, 160, 164
Autonomic reflexes, 135
Autoregulation
cerebral blood flow, 163
,163
organ blood flow,
154,
154-155, 176
renal circulation, 173
AV (arteriovenous) anastomoses, 168
AV nodal blockade, 126
AV node (atrioventricular node), 22, 22-23, 25, 62, 125, 126
AV node blockage, 24, 24-25
AV valves, cardiac cycle, 62-66
AVP (vasopressin), 133,
140,
140-141, 142t, 143
Axial reference system, 33,33
235
previous page 248 Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts  2nd Edition read online next page 250 Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts  2nd Edition read online Home Toggle text on/off